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There are several front-end web development frameworks available in the market. Whenever someone plans to build an online app or website, they do their market research. They go through all the options and then decide the one which suits their business needs the most. This is an essential step in choosing the proper framework for developing a website or app that works for them the best.
We will take you through a detailed React vs. Angular comparison so that you can choose the right front-end development framework for your next project.
Before we begin with the comparison, let us know these two platforms in brief.
What is React?
React provides excellent support and flexibility to integrate with other frameworks to mix and match to create a customized app solution.
Here are the pros of React-
- Easy to learn
- Supports server-side rendering
- Easier to migrate between different versions
- Modular and cohesive components
Here are the cons of React-
- Poor documentation
What is Angular?
Angular is a web app development framework developed and maintained by Google released under the name of AngularJS back in 2010. Angular became one of the most popular web app development frameworks through the years due to its two-way data binding and dependency injection features.
Angular is one of the most mature and widely used frameworks with great support and an extensive team of contributors. Angular is considered a full-stack package solution. Angular has established itself in the market and continues to be on the top of its game.
Here are the pros of Angular-
- It follows clean code development
- It is a high performing all-in-one platform
- It has a material design like an interface
- Angular offers seamless updates using CLI
Here are the cons of Angular-
- Angular can be confusing for beginners
- Angular is a full-stack solution, and therefore, third party integrations can be complicated
- Switching between the versions is troublesome in Angular
- It lacks all-inclusive documentation
The detailed comparison- React vs. Angular
- Learning Curve
Angular is a full-stack platform, so if you want to create a project on Angular, you need to learn a lot of things like Typescript-in-depth, MVC, and so many other concepts which are necessary for developing an app on Angular such as directives, modules, components, services, dependency injections, and templates.
Angular has strict coding, which means the developers must know coding to create an app with Angular. This might become a hurdle for the new developers.
Overall, there are many things to learn before beginning with Angular, making it a complex platform to begin with.
React also provides more flexibility and many other options to the developers, making app development easier.
Result- After analyzing both the frameworks, we can say that as compared to Angular, React is easier to learn.
- Component Architecture
The component architecture is an approach to building the architecture of a web app based on replaceable components. The component architecture helps to manage complexity and encourages code reusability.
Here are some of the supporting tools of React-
- web pack
Angular, on the other hand, is a full-stack framework and comes with many unique and out-of-the-box possibilities and offerings such as-
- Angular CLI
- Angular universal
Result- Both React and Angular have unique component architecture, but Angular doesn’t require additional integrations and provides an excellent comprehensive web development solution.
The performance matters the most when it comes to any framework or platform. The success of your website or web app depends on how well it performs.
When it comes to React’s performance, it has several features such as virtual DOM trees, built on the server, which are very lightweight. Due to its lightweight, loading time gets reduced.
Furthermore, the data binding process of React is unidirectional, which ultimately reduces the workload time.
Angular, on the other side, has a bidirectional data binding process; therefore, each binding requires a watcher to track the modifications. Thus, the bidirectional data binding might impact Angular’s performance negatively.
Result- When it comes to the performance of these frameworks, React seems to have the edge over Angular.
- Ease of Updates
React’s front-end library is dependent on external libraries, which makes migrating and updating the third-party components possible.
Angular has several commands like ng update, which is quite helpful for any Angular app to upgrade to the latest version easily. As the update process is automated, it reduces the stress of Angular developers.
Result- When it comes to the updates, Angular is easier to update than React.
- UI Components
React community develops various UI tools out of which some are free, and some are paid. When using React, installing an additional library-Material- UI library and dependencies to use the material design components is necessary.
On the other hand, Angular is a complete solution and has an in-built material toolset and various pre-built material design components to use.
Angular’s material design components have multiple layouts, pop-ups, and so on. These UI components make the UI configuration simpler.
Result- When it comes to UI components, Angular has the edge over React because the UI configuration is easier with Angular’s pre-built material design components.
- Dependency Injections
Dependency injections are the tools that help in solving a common development problem- hardcoded dependencies. The dependency injection solves this problem and increases a code’s modularity.
React doesn’t use any dependency injection because it has an in-built dependency injection system in JSX. This enables React to offer a dependency injection without having a container for the same. React also allows adding more than one dependency to an element.
Angular’s dependency injection is based on injectors, providers, and tokens. All the Angular modules come up with an injector associated with them.
These dependencies are then added to these injectors by leveraging the provider’s property of the module’s metadata.
Result- When it comes to dependency injections in React vs. Angular comparison, both of these frameworks support dependency injections in their own way.
React vs. Angular, which one to choose?
We have to tell you that there is no perfect framework or library. The framework you select depends upon your project needs and requirements. Every web development framework has some pros and cons, and the same is with React and Angular.
Looking at the factors above, we can only say that if you are a beginner and are looking for a framework that requires less coding and is easy to use, you can go for React. React’s learning curve is easier than Angular, which makes it a preferred framework for beginners.
On the other hand, if you want a full-blown framework to build an app, Angular is the right choice.
The final choice lies in your hands, we could only guide you.
Director at Metizsoft Solutions, Chetan Sheladiya today stands at the top of a leading Mobile Application Development company, which further specializes in Online Business Marketing, Social Media Marketing, and Web Development, amongst other areas. A tech-lover at heart, Chetan has had more than a decade's worth of experience, dealing with hundreds of projects, and creating a bunch of unique IT solutions along the way. His other interest lies in sharing his ideas and opinions with people as passionate about technology, as he is. You can find his thoughts expressed on LinkedIn, Twitter, and Facebook.
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